OZONE FOR DENTISTRY
OZONE IS A NATURALLY OCCURING GAS THAT CONTAINS THREE ATOMS OF OXYGEN VERSUS TWO ATOMS IN A NORMAL OXYGEN MOLECULE. This extra atom of oxygen acts as a hunter, killing pathogens such as bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites. Healthy cells are enveloped with an enzyme coating consisting of antioxidants that prevent them from beign penetrated by ozone. Bacteria and viruses lack this protective coating. When subjected to ozone therapy, the cell wall of bacteria is disrupted, making it vulnerable to oxidation of the phospholipids and lipoproteins. This peroxidation process interrupts the reproductive cycle of viruses, and in the case of fungi , ozone inhibits cell growth. Destruction of the cell membrane of pathogens results in a disinfecting and sterilizing effect.
Like oxygen, ozone is also a gas. It is that fresh clean smell that you find at high altitudes and after thunderstorms. Ozone is therefore named after the Greek word Ozein, to smell. Ozone is present all around us in the air that we breathe. It protects us from harmful sunlight.
Because Ozone is also a powerful oxidising agent, it has been used widely for the past 40 years to purify water systems and the water you drink.
IS OZONE TOXIC?
Anything, including water and oxygen, is toxic if given in amounts that exceed the body’s capacity to utilize it. Ozone is found naturally in the body. The white cells make it as part of the immune response. Pure medical grade ozone, when it is used according to the established medical guidelines, has a safety record that is unparalleled.
OZONE USE IN DENTISTRY
Ozone for dental therapies is administered to patients in three different forms: gas, water and oil.
Ozone gas is created by taking pure medical grade oxygen and electrically charging it through a generator. It is delivered to the patient via a handpiece fitted with a small cannula, small CUP, OR BY INJECTION.
Ozonated water is used in water supply bottles to disinfect waterlines that supply ultrasonics, highspeed handpieces, and air/water syringes.
Ozone oil : ozone gas changes into ozonides when diffused into oil. When ozone gas is bubbled through different types of vegetable oils, it retains its healing properties for many years. Ozone oil is used topically for oral lesions, in periodontal therapy to treat pockets, and after extractions to promote healing.
Topical application of ozone oil to oral lesions such as ulcers, herpes, candidiasis results in 100% cure with no adverse effects.
Unlike many disinfectants available in dentistry, ozone has no side effects such as bad taste or smell and is safe for the environment, making it an excellent treatment modality for every aspect of dentistry.
OZONE USES IN DENTISTRY:
1. Ozone use for dental cavities
Through the application of ozone 99.9% of caries bacteria are inactivated and proteins which affect remineralization are destroyed within a few seconds. Through the early detection of fissures, root or smooth surface caries, it is even possible to heal completely pain-free, thereby maintaining the maximum healthy tooth structure. Nevertheless, if it is unavoidable to excavate the cavities, the ozone unit will give you the certainty before filling the cavity, that 99.9% of the caries bacteria have been eliminated – without any health risks for the patient and practice team.
Advantages for the patient:
- No stress and anxiety
- Increased treatment safety
- Shorter treatment times
- Painless and gentle caries treatment
- Maximum preservation of healthy tooth structure
No anaesthesia, no drilling, no pain
- No fillings needed in many cases
- Maximum preservation of healthy tooth structure
- Ozone-treated teeth are more resistant to caries
For early decay, this treatment involves no injections, no drilling, and is totally painless. It is ideal for total prevention in children.
A very important aspect of ozone therapy, like all dental treatment, is the follow up. A reasonable to high quality Oral hygiene and care will need to be maintained. Not cleaning teeth and indulging sugary, fizzy drinks will overwhelm all the healing and promote decay on all teeth! This is true of all patients and ozone treated teeth are no exception.
2. OZONE FOR SENSITIVITY
Tooth sensitivity is a common problem for many patients. Ozone therapy in combination with remineralizing agents and correct nutrition plan can deactivate the stimulus causing the pain
3. OZONE FOR PERIODONTAL THERAPY:
The oral environment is a host to many complex bacteria that develop into communities and form a biofilm on solid surfaces. The aim of periodontal therapy is to remove this biofilm. This is done by scaling and root planning and then irrigation with ozonized water. A 2015 study concluded that the use of ozonized water reduced gum inflammation, and reduced bacterial count in the gums.
4. CHRONIC SINUSITIS
Should never be treated with antibiotics. They will only make it worse in the long run. This is because chronic sinus infections are caused by fungi, not bacteria. We treat chronic sinusitis using ozone therapy and antifungal treatments.