Oral Phase Contrast Microscope
Using a microscope greatly enhances periodontal diagnosis before bone loss occurs. The bacteria that are associated with periodontal disease can be identified using an oral phase contrast microscope. The normal bacteria seen in the pockets are cocci. As the disease process advances, rods and vibrio develop. In the more advanced stages, spirochetes are identified. The most advanced cases have amoebas, clustered spirochetes, and trichomonas. When a patient looks at the microscopic sample on the TV monitor and sees active bacteria, they understand how their treatment is progressing.
Doing periodontal treatment without a microscope is like trying to diagnose tooth decay without x-rays.